⅔ of African residents are in slum areas which are not planned. Since the cities are growing fast in Africa, slums increases to cities in Africa every year. On the other hand, education system in Africa is given based on theory and curriculums which follow imaginations instead of real and practical problems. Therefore, many people in Africa access the same education system and therefore do the same way is used to solve African problems especially the increased Cities in Africa. Furthermore, data in Africa is become the unavailable to be used to solve African slums problems because more theory is used and actual data is not used to solve African issues.
Resilience Academy brakes that gape in order to build the skills for young people who are able to use the actual problem available to the real world and to the local community. It helps to use the available tools and technology which are free, cheap and easy to be used by young generation to solve real world problems not using the same ways it is being used before but being knowledgeable to integrate the tools and the problems available within the community and to solve the problem together. Resilience Academy facilitate to fill the gap on data availability through cheap and easy ways to collecting data and encourage the use of available data for decision making.
Tanzania Resilience Academy is the start of Resilience Academy campaign where universities in Tanzania are working together: 1. to shape the training materials which relate to the problem available in Tanzania, 2. to collect the new data and collect existing data which have been collected before and organise them into one geospatial platform to allow easy access, easy use and easy contribute from all the local sectors especially the young researchers and 3. to create the ecosystem which is exposed to understand the importance of existing problems in Tanzania and the use of cheap, easy and free tools available so that data can be generated and updated according the need and create the Cities which are resilient across the country.
Tanzania Resilience Academy was launched to the four university in Tanzania which are University of Dar es Salaam, Ardhi University, State University of Zanzibar and Sokoine University of Agriculture with the large international university network such as University of Turku, Delft University, University of Twente, etc. With the aim of deploying of Tanzania Resilience Academy by developing open access education and training materials which will match with the real problem in Tanzania, Coordinate the development of climate risk geodatabase which give more opportunity for university network and other stakeholder to visualise, access, update as well as use the updated and relevant data in order to make the cities in Tanzania more resilience.
We welcome all to support this initiatives which began in Tanzania but expands further in African Countries.
As a means of emergency response after a flooding event or inland inundation, flood mapping helps to estimate the extent of the flood on a large scale. It is a basis of coordinating appropriate damage assessment activities, and providing relief to the victims. This blog explains an approach of community flood response by community mapping methods and rapid assessment to determine extent and damage.
In responding to heavy rainfall on March, 3rd, 2019, that resulted in heavy flooding in some wards of Dar es Salaam Tanzania, the Ramani Huria team decided to conduct field mapping to engage affected communities with the aim of conducting a rapid assessment and producing impact maps. In these wards, community leaders identified a total of 1907 floodedhouses. The survey was conducted in three of the most affected wards as reported by local newspaper (Mwananchi). It appears that the impact was severe on these wards due to multiple river channels meeting at these places causing massive outflows to the residential areas as well as inadequate drainage and blockage due to improper dumping.
Ramani Huria visited the affected wards and worked closely with community leaders to conduct rapid survey and assessment of impacts by:
Conducting meetings with community leaders and identifying the affected areas on printed A1 maps of the specific places
Field visits to physically assess the situation, taking photos and geo-points in some of the affected areas using OpenDataKit Collect, a mobile application that is used for field survey.
The maps used to conduct this assessment are the risk identification maps that were produced by RH team during the 2018 July summer industrial training. As we reported earlier, the maps were produced for the aim of developing ward disaster management plans with the overarching goal of creating a resilient city.
The impact of the foods included loss of properties, destruction of houses, students missing schools for two days because the roads were flooded, and their school books/items were destroyed by the heavy flood. Although there were no casualties, the impact affected communities significantly. Other people evacuated to nearby places that were safe at the moment, but in all these wards there were no specified evacuation centers where citizens can run to when it floods. This calls for government, disaster responders, humanitarian organizations, NGO’s and the community in general to “think” and plan how they can make sure there are safe places to stay when it floods.
The objective of this practice was to identify the extent of flooding in the most affected wards as well as the affected infrastructure such as roads and settlements and impaired areas of interest, for example schools and hospitals. The Ramani Huria team will be actively disseminating this report within the affected communities, and working to facilitate dialogue with PO-RALG, the Red Cross, NGOs, World Bank, and other stakeholders to make use of the information for future mitigation efforts, rescue and relief activities in affected areas.
In recent years experts in disaster responses are hopeful for the future of satellite and mapping technology in responding to disaster. If a flood response map is well developed, what you really have here is a map of the future. It can help in predicting the impact of future flood events and help in mitigation measures too.
Simply by recording data from presently flooded areas can be useful when identifying areas at risk of future flooding. With climate change well underway, people are increasingly interested in predicting the ways that flooding will worsen.
Digital data such flood data needs to be (easily) accessible and downloadable data for disaster responders to act quickly and save lives. Thanks to local people, local devices (mobile phones) and open knowledge (free software like OpenDataKit and the skills to use it), they say information should become even more accessible in the years to come. Flood data also needs to be in online interactive maps that can be integrated with mobile applications for easy access. The Ramani Huria team will be willing to provide such data so as to help more people and develop effective flood mitigation measures.
After the risk identification process implemented in 228 subwards of the city, Ramani Huria is now going further to map the lowest level of administrative system that exists in Tanzania. To do this we have partnered up with Data Zetu to map hyperlocal boundaries in Dar es Salaam for better decision making. Finding people with exact addresses is nearly impossible, as most part of the city is unplanned. Therefore, mapping Dar es Salaam to such a detailed level will allow us to address issues at a neighborhood level for the first time. This is very important and will be used in different levels for decision making from individuals to the government.
Dar es Salaam is divided into 5 municipalities, 92 wards, and approximately 452 subwards (a subward is also known as a “mtaa” in Swahili). Within an mtaa there are further divisions known as “shinas” (which translates roughly to “branches” in English). Shinas are sometimes also referred to as a “Ten Cell”, since originally these areas were home to ten households. Now, due to increases in population, it tends to be between 30 and 200 households per shina. Each shina is administered by a ‘mjumbe’ (plural ‘wajumbe’ in Swahili).
Shinas were originally a political construct, related to the organization of specific political parties. However, wajumbe are increasingly functioning as non-partisan public servants, often the first (and in some cases only) point of interaction between citizens and government. Though the political character of shinas has not entirely vanished, we are finding increasing acceptance amongst citizens and leaders (of all political stripes) of the utility of hyperlocal boundaries being mapped and known to all.
Ramani Huria and Data Zetu have aimed to conduct hyperlocal mapping within 84 subwards of Dar es Salaam. From 13th September to now 128 hyperlocal boundary data have been collected and 106 have been cleaned and verified for final map production.
Ramani Huria Mapping Supervisor training university students on how to trace the hyperlocal boundaries and visualized map output. Photo credit: Godfrey Kassano-Ramani Huria
A student will need a smartphone/Android phone installed with a revised version of Open Data Kit (ODK) which allows tracing lines/polygons easily.
Mjumbe, who is a shina leader, works with a student (mapper) to trace the boundary of his/her shina – also explaining the possible uses of shinas to enhance collaboration and participation. A student mapper with mjumbe will walk around the boundary creating a polygon-like structure then fill the right information on the survey such as number of shina, name of shina mjumbe and others.
After tracing the shina boundary, mjumbe and mapper use the the printed aerial imagery as a field paper to compare what has been traced from the field with the image to make sure they have traced the correct boundary.
Then students will send a form/survey to the server for further processes.
Data will be downloaded from the server which will be digitized through QGIS software, analysed and a hyperlocal boundary map produced.
Students with shina leaders verifying the correctness of traced boundary on ODK with the printed aerial image of the subward before sending to server. Photo credit: Godfrey Kassano-Ramani Huria
Community leaders had their opinions on the process of mapping shinas and they are expecting these data will be used to benefit them as a community, which is actually the goal of collecting them. Subward chairperson had some thoughts:
“With shina mapping it will help us to solve different problems in our communities since people will be clear with the administrative boundaries of their local leaders. Am happy to work with this organization and hopefully my representatives have fully participated and they are also happy for the work that your doing.” Abdallah M. Simbili, Chairperson Liwiti Subward.
Shina mjumbe in Msimbazi Subward – Tabata Ward showing the student mapper his shina boundary during field data collection. Photo credit: Godfrey Kassano-Ramani Huria
Possible uses of Hyperlocal Maps
Help the ward officers to manage the areas by allowing the ward/subward/shina leaders to better understand the structure of their areas.
In case of emergencies (e.g. fire outbreaks or flooding), shina maps can be of help in responding to these disasters as the location of the target is known.
In hospitals, tracking people’s origin by identifying their shina number at the registry- this will help to track patients with diseases like cholera, or malnutrition in children.
Shinas help the local people to know their representatives on the subward level since most of local problems are solved from the shina level.
Locating Malnourished Children and Help with Intervention
Malnutrition remains one of Tanzania’s greatest human development challenges. Despite displaying seemingly ‘low’ and ‘acceptable’ rates of acute malnutrition, the burden of undernourished children is one of the highest in the East African Region. An estimated 450,000 children in Tanzania are acutely malnourished or weak, with over 100,000 suffering from the most severe form of acute malnutrition.
With one of the highest burdens of under nutrition in East and Southern Africa, it is not solely individual lives in Tanzania that are threatened, but also the economic advancement of the next generation that is at stake. Individuals – both adults and children – who experience varying levels of malnutrition will struggle to take advantage of opportunities in, for example, education and employment that would enable them to improve their livelihoods. Understanding the devastating impacts associated with societal malnourishment, particularly amongst children, it is absolutely crucial that appropriate measures are put in place by those actors who are in a position to do so to mitigate such consequences.
Case Study: Amana Regional Referral Hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Through the Data Zetu program, our team has been able to utilize the shina data collected across 36 subwards to support the Amana Hospital – one of 4 referral hospitals in Dar es Salaam serving between 800 and 1200 people each day – in improving their methods for collecting patient location data and enhancing patient origin tracing. One pediatric doctor at Amana Hospital, Dr. Omari Mahiza, has a keen interest in implementing a system that would enable him to record and track the location of the malnourished children he treats. By knowing more precisely where his patients are coming from, he is able to investigate why and the reasons for children’s malnutrition from one community to another and, in turn, uncover in more detail the causes that lead to this condition from one household to another.
For the past few months, the Data Zetu team has been working with the IT company who built the electronic medical record system at Amana Hospital to incorporate shina data and nearby landmarks into the system. The new fields in the e-health registry will enable staff to record more precise location data of patients who visit the hospital and support Dr. Mahiza and his colleagues in being able to pinpoint the home address of their patients more easily. Whether the motive is to investigate specific cases of malnutrition and the habits that lead to this condition or to locate the source of a seasonal outbreak, such as cholera, within a community, shina maps allow for this to happen more efficiently within a given community.
The next step for the Amana Hospital intervention is to provide training and capacity-building to local staff, such as registration attendants and nurses, about the importance and value of recording detailed patient location data in the e-registry. To ensure there is genuine understanding and interest among staff to record patient location data more systematically, our team will focus on facilitating discussions and highlighting use cases that exemplify the role that maps and other spatial tools play in strengthening public health in communities.
Beyond health interventions Shina maps can also be used in disaster management, facilitating disaster response as well as increasing the overall flood resilience of communities. For example, having more granular level administrative boundaries can increase precision in identifying affected areas and speed up the distribution of relief resources during and immediately after a flood event. Likewise having maps of shina boundaries may also prove useful to local administrators when directing and implementing infrastructural improvements.
Utengenezaji wa ramani za mipaka ya shina.
Baada ya mchakato wa kutambua maeneo yaliyo kwenye hatari kwenye mitaa 228 ya jiji la Dar es Salaam, Mradi wa Ramani Huria unaenda mbali zaidi na kutengeneza ramani za maeneo ya chini kabisa ya utawala yaliyopo Tanzania (shina). tunafanya hivi kwa kushirikiana na mradi wa Data Zetu kusaidia katika kufanya maamuzi. Kujua anwani za watu wanapoishi ni ngumu sana kwenye mji ambao haujapangwa. Hivyo kutengeneza ramani hizi kutasaidia kutatua matatizo mengi ya ramani kwa mara ya kwanza. Suala hili ni la muhimu sana na litatumika katika maamuzi kuanzia watu binafsi hadi ngazi ya serikali.
Dar es salaam imegawanyika katika manispaa tano, kata 92 na takribani mitaa 452. Ndani ya mtaa kuna mgawanyiko mwingine unaoitwa shina. Mashina pia hufahamika kama nyumba kumi, kwa kuwa mwanzoni mashina yalikuwa na nyumba kumii tu. Lakini kwa sasa kutokana na ongezeko la watu mijini mashina haya yana nyumba kuanzia 30 hadi 200. Kila shina huongozwa na mjumbe au balozi kwa vijijini.
Shina mwanzoni yalikuwa kisiasa,kulingana na mwongozo wa chama fulani. Hata hivyo wajumbe kwa sasawana kazi nyingi tofauti na za chama, kwanza ndio watu wa kwanza wanaounganisha wananchi na serikali. Japo suala la kisiasa katika shina halijapotea, ila tunaona wanaendelea kukubalika na wanajamii ana viongozi wa vyama vyote na matumizi ya mipaka hii ya shina kutengenezewa ramani na kufahamika kwa kila mmja.
Ramani Huria na Data zetu inalenga kutengeneza ramani hizi kwenye mitaa 84 ya Dar es salaam. Tangu tarehe 13 septemba hadi sasa data za mashina 106 zimekusanywa na kuchakatwa kwa ajili ya utengenezaji wa ramani.
Msimamizi wa utengenezaji wa ramani akitoa mafunzo kwa wanafunzi wa vyuo vikuu jinsi ya kukusanya mipaka na kuonyesha ramani ya mashina iliyokwisha japishwa; Picha- Ramani Huria.
Mbinu za Utengenezaji wa Ramani hizi.
Mwanafunzi atahitaji simu ya mkononi (Android) iliyowekwa programu ya ODK yenye marekebisho ambayo ina uwezo wa kuchukua taarifa za mistari kwa urahisi
Mjumbe, ambaye ni kiongozi wa shina atafanya kazi na mwanafunzi (aliyepata mafunzo) ili kupata mipaka ya shina- wakati huohuo mwanafunzi huyo atamueleza mjumbe juu ya matuizi mbalimbali ya ramani itakayo tengenezwa ili kuongeza ari ya usiriki. Mwanafunzi na mjumbe watazunguka katika mpaka wa shina na kujaza taarifa zote zinazotakiwa kama namba ya shina, jina la mjumbe nk.
Baada ya hatua hii, mjumbe pamoja na mwanafunzi watatumia picha ya anga iliyochapishwa ili kuhakikisha taarifa ya mipaka waliyokusanya kama ipo sahihi.
Mwanafunzi atatuma fomu/dodoso kwenye seva kwa ajili ya michakato mingine.
Taarifa hizo zitapakuliwa (download) kutoka kwenye seva ambazo zitafanyiwa kazi kwa kutumia programu ya QGIS, na kuchambuliwa ili kutengeneza ramani hizo za shina
Mwanafunzi akiwa na kiongozi wa shina wakihakiki mipaka iliyochukuliwa kwa kulinganisha picha ya anga na mpaka uliochorwa kwenye programu ya ODK; Picha Ramani Huria
Ufahamu wa Jamii.
Wanajamii walikuwa na mawazo tofauti tofauti kuhusu mchakato huu na wana matarajio makubwa kuwa data hizi zitatumika kwa ajili ya jamii husika, na hili ndilo lengo. Mwenywkiti wa mtaa wa Liwiti alikuwa na haya ya kusema:
“Ramani za mashina zitasaidia kutatua matatizo mbalimbali kwa kuwa watu watafahamu vizuri mipaka yao. Nina furaha kubwa kufanya kazi na shirika hili na ni matumaini yangu wawakilishi wangu amewapa ushirikiano mkubwa, na wamefurahi kufanya kazi nanyie” Abdallah M. Simbili, mwenyekiti wa mtaa- Liwiti
Mjumbe wa mtaa wa msimbazi- Kata ya Tabata akimuonyesha mwanafunzi mpaka wa shina lake wakati wa ukusanyaji taarifa. Picha: Ramani Huria.
Matumizi ya Ramani Hizi.
Itawasaidia watendaji wa mitaa kuelewa vizuri maeneo wanayo ongoza.
Kipindi cha dharura (kama moto au mafuriko), ramani hizi zinaweza kutuikaa kutoa misaada ya haraka kwa kuwa eneo halisi la tukio linafahamika.
Kwenye hospital, kujua watu wanapotoka kwa kujua namba za mashina katika programu ya usajili kuweza kujua ueneaji wa magonjwa kama kipindupindu na utapiamlo kwa watoto.
Kusaidia jamii kujua wawakilishi wao katika jamii kwa kuwa migogoro mingi hutatuliwa na viongozi hawa.
Kufahamu Maeneo ya Watoto wenye Utapia mlo na Kusaidia kwenye Harakati
Utapiamlo bado ni mojawapo ya changamoto kubwa za maendeleo ya binadamu Tanzania. Licha ya kuonekana/kusadikika viwango vya “chini” na vya “kukubalika” vya utapiamlo mkubwa, mzigo wa watoto wasio na chakula ni mkubwa Afrika Mashariki. Inakadiriwa watoto 450,000 nchini Tanzania wamepungukiwa na hawana nguvu, wakati zaidi ya watoto 100,000 huteseka kutokana na aina kali zaidi ya utapiamlo mkubwa.
Pamoja na mzigo mkubwa wa lishe Afrika Mashariki na Kusini mwa Afrika, sio tu maisha ya mtu binafsi nchini Tanzania ambayo yanatishiwa, lakini pia maendeleo ya kiuchumi ya kizazi kijacho yanahusika. Watu – wote wazima na watoto – ambao wana uzoefu wenye uzoefu tofauti tofauti wa janga la utapiamlo wajitahidi kutumia fursa, kwa mfano, elimu na ajira ambayo itawawezesha kuboresha maisha yao. Kuelewa athari mbaya zinazohusiana upungufu wa chakula, hususani miongoni mwa watoto, ni muhimu sana na hatua zinazofaa zichukuliwe na watendaji ambao wana uwezo wa kufanya hivyo ili kupunguza madhara hayo.
Eneo la mfano; Hospitali ya Rufaa- Amana Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Kupitia mradi wa takwimu za Data Zetu, timu yetu imeweza kutumia data ya mipaka ya shina iliyokusanywa kwenye mitaa36 ili kuunga mkono Hospitali ya Amana – moja kato ya hospitali nne za rufaa Dar es Salaam zinazohudumia watu kati ya 800 na 1200 kila siku – katika kuboresha njia zao za kukusanya data ya eneo la mgonjwa na kuimarisha ufuatiliaji wa taarifa za mgonjwa anapotoka. Daktari mmoja wa watoto katika Hospitali ya Amana, Dk. Omari Mahiza, ana hamu kubwa ya kutekeleza mfumo ambao utamwezesha kurekodi na kufuatilia maeneo wanayotoka watoto wenye utapiamlo anaowatibu. Kwa kujua zaidi ambapo wagonjwa wake wanatoka, anaweza kuchunguza kwa nini na sababu za utapiamlo wa watoto kutoka kwenye jamii moja hadi nyingine na, kwa upande mwingine, kujua kwa undani sababu zinazosababisha hali hii kutoka kaya moja hadi nyingine.
Kwa miezi michache iliyopita, timu ya Data Zetu imekuwa ikifanya kazi na kampuni ya IT ambayo imejenga mfumo wa kurekodi wagonjwa kwa njia ya kielektroniki katika Hospitali ya Amana ili kuingiza data ya shina na alama muhimu zinazotambulisha eneo (landmarks) kwenye mfumo huo. Sehemu mpya itakayoongezwa katika programu hiyo ya usajili wa kielektriniki utawawezesha wafanyakazi kurekodi data sahihi ya eneo la wagonjwa ambao wamefika hospitalini na kumsaidia Dk. Mahiza na wenzake kuwa na uwezo wa kubainisha anwani ya wagonjwa wao kwa urahisi. Ikiwa lengo ni kuchunguza matukio maalum ya utapiamlo na tabia zinazosababisha hali hii au kupata chanzo cha kuzuka kwa magonjwa ya msimu, kama vile kipindupindu, ramani za shina zitawezesha hili lifanyike kwa ufanisi zaidi katika jamii husika.
Hatua inayofuata kwa Hospitali ya Amana ni kutoa mafunzo na kujenga uwezo kwa wafanyakazi wa ndani, kama wahudumu wa usajili na wauguzi, kuhusu umuhimu na thamani ya kurekodi data ya eneo anapotoka mgonjwa wakati wa usajili. Ili kuhakikisha kuna uelewa wa kweli na maslahi kwa wafanyakazi wa kurekodi data ya eneo wanapotoka kwa ufanisi zaidi, timu yetu itazingatia kuwezesha majadiliano na kuonyesha matumizi ya ramani kwa kuonyesha mifano dhahiri ya jinsi gani taarifa hizi zinaweza kuimarisha huduma za afya kwa jamii.
Zaidi ya mipango ya afya, ramani pia zinaweza kutumika katika usimamizi wa maafa, kuwezesha mipango ya haraka ya kukabiliana na maafa na kuongeza ustawi katika kupambana na mafuriko kwa jamii. Kwa mfano, kuwa na mipaka ya utawala katika ngazi ya chini zaidi inaweza kuongeza usahihi katika kutambua maeneo yaliyoathirika na kuharakisha usambazaji wa misaada wakati na baada mafuriko. Vivyo hivyo kuwa na ramani za mipaka ya shina inaweza kuwa na manufaa kwa watendaji wa mitaa wakati wa kuongoza na kutekeleza maboresho ya miundombinu.
Each year, 5th June marks World Environment Day, a day for raising global awareness to take positive environmental action to protect nature and the planet Earth. This year’s Sunday 5th June saw UWABA (Umma wa Wapanda Baiskeli; or “Public Cycling Community”), a cycling community in Dar es Salaam in cooperation with European Union, organizing the cycle caravan. This is to support low carbon transport, to promote environmental alternatives to high carbon transport as well as putting emphasis on the presence (or absence) of bicycle roads/routes in the city.
With the motivation to do the mapping for the city, Ramani Huria fully participated to support the initiatives by UWABA community and map the possible bicycle routes around the city. This was done through tracking the caravan’s route with the use of GPS unit tied on the bicycle.
GPS attached to a bicycle. PHOTO CREDIT: Ramani Huria
The event was scheduled to start at 7 AM at the Mnazi Mmoja grounds with registration of the participants, provision of free reflector jackets, bicycle helmets and bicycle reflectors to all participants.
Participants with their reflector jackets on. PHOTO CREDIT: Ramani Huria
Most of the attendees for the event ranged from disabled people with hand bikes and abled people including women, children and men with the coverage of different media sources.
Disabled participants in the back and a lady with her child. PHOTO CREDIT: Ramani Huria
After all attendee arrives, including January Yusuph Makamba, a minister of State in the Vice President’s Office for Union Affairs and Environment, the caravan started at 08:45 AM. The route went along Bibi Titi road, Ohio Street, Sokoine Driveway, Chimara Street, Barack Obama Drive to Agha Khan Hospital, where people had short break to catch their breath. After that, the caravan continued to Salender Bridge and took the United Nations Road to Morogoro Road (Fire Squad Headquarters), followed the Morogoro Road and caught Lumumba road back to Mnazi Mmoja.
Throughout the process, the routes used for the caravan were basically not only meant for cycling purposes, but rather, they were roads for general uses such as cars, motorcycles etc. With the escort and support from traffic police, cars within the major roads were blocked leaving clear way for the caravan to go through. This isn’t an everyday occurrence, with cyclists usually competing for space with traffic.
The caravan’s route (GPS traces) around the city centre.
Back at Mnazi Mmoja, while attendees had snacks and water to eat and drink, Mr. Mejah Mbuya, chairperson for UWABA gave a short speech on the importance of using bicycles as low carbon transport around the city. With the fact that Dar es Salaam is much affected by traffic jams, Mr. Mbuya emphasized on the use of bicycles to minimize it.
PHOTO CREDIT: Ramani Huria
At the end of the event, 5 hand bikes to 5 lucky disabled people, and 15 bicycles were awarded to 15 people who attended the caravan. Unfortunately, no attendee from Ramani Huria team won any bicycle, but did have fun while mapping!
15 bikes for winners. PHOTO CREDIT: Ramani Huria
Ramani Huria is looking forward to joining forces with UWABA in mapping and promoting low carbon transport i.e bicycle usage throughout Dar es Salaam.[:sw]Kila mwaka,tarehe 5 juni inawakilisha siku ya mazingira duniani, siku ya kuhamasisha ulimwengu kuchukua hatua chanya kimazingira za kutunza hali na sayari ya dunia. Mwaka huu tarehe 5 juni
Tulishuhudia UWABA (Umma wa Wapanda Baiskeli),jumuiya ya waendesha baiskeli Dar es Salaam wakishirikiana na umoja wa Ulaya, waliandaa msafara wa kuendesha baiskeli. Hii ilikuwa na lengo la kusaidia kupunguza hewa ya ukaa, kuhamasisha njia mbadala ya kupungza usafiri unaotoa hewa ya ukaa pia na kuweka msisistizo katika kuwepo (au kutokuwepo) kwa njia za baisikeli katika jiji.
Katika kuhamasisha kutengeneza ramani ya jiji, Ramani Huria walishiriki kikamilifu kwenye mipango ya jumuiya ya UWABA na kutengeneza ramani ya njia za baiskeli zilizopo katika jiji. Hii ilifanyika kwa kufuatilia msafara wa baiskeli kwa kutumia kifaa cha GPS ambacho kilifungwa kwenye baiskeli.
GPS imefungwa kwenye baiskeli. PICHA IMEPIGWA: Ramani Huria.
Tukio lilianze saa 1 asubuhi kama lilivyopangwa kutokea viwanja vya Mnazi Mmoja kwa usajili wa
Washiriki, na kugawiwa bure makoti ya kuendeshea baiskeli , helementi za baiskeli na reflector za baiskeli kwa washiriki wote.
Washiriki wakiwa wamevaa makoti ya kuendeshea baiskeli. PICHA IMEPIGWA: Ramani Huria
Washiriki wengi wa tukio walikuwa walemavu na baiskeli zao maalum na watu wasio walemavu wakiwemo wanawake, watoto na watu waliotoka katika vyombo vya habari mbalimbali.
Washiriki wenye ulemavu, nyuma mama akiwa na mtoto wake.PICHA IMEPIGWA: Ramani Huria.
Baada ya washiriki wote kufika, akiwemo waziri wa nchi ofisi ya makamu wa raisi muungano na mazingira Mh. January Yusuph Makamba,msafara ulianza saa 2:45 asubuhi.Msafars ulipitia barabara ya Bibi titi mtaa wa Ohio,barabara ya Sokoine, mtaa wa Chimara, barabara ya Barack Obama kuelekea hospitali ya Agha Khan, ambapo kulikuwa na mapumziko mafupi. Baada ya hapomsafara uliendelea kuelekea daraja la Salender na kupitia barabara ya umoja wa mataifa kuelekea barabara ya Mororgoro (makao makuu ya zima moto) na kupitia barabara ya lumumba kurudi mnazi mmoja.
Muda wote wa zoezi, njia zilizotumiwa na msafara hazikuwa kwa ajili ya waendesha baiskeli,bali zilikuwa ni barabara za matumizi mbalimbali kama vile magari pikipiki n.k.kwa msaada wa polisi wa barabarani magari yalikuwa yanatumia barabara kubwa yalizuiwa ili kupisha msafara
Njia za msafara zinavyoonekana( kifaa cha GPS) katika jiji
Baada ya kurudi viwanja vya mnazi mmoja, wakati washiriiki wakipata maji,Mwenyekiti wa UWABA Mr.Mejah Mbuya alitoa hotuba fupi juu ya umuhimu wa kutumia usafiri wa baiskeli kama njia ya kupunguza hewa ya ukaa,ukizingatia ukweli kwamba Dar es salaam inakabiliwa na msongamano mkubwa wa magari Mr Mboya alisisitiza katika kutumia usafiri wa baiskeli kupunguza msongamano huo.
PICHA IMETOLEWA; Ramani Huria.
Mwisho wa tukio,Walemavu watano walibahatik kupata baiskeli maalum na baiskeli nyingine kumina tano zilitolewa kwa washiriki kumi na tano.Kwa bahati Mbaya hakuna mshiriki kutoka Ramani Huria aliyefanikiwa kupata baiskeli lakini tulifurahia zoezi zima.
Baiskeli kumi na tano kwa washindi. PICHA IMETOLEWA;Ramani Huria.
Ramani Huria inatarajia kushirikiana na juhudi za UWABA katika kutengeneza zamani na kuhamasisha utumiaji wa usafiri unaozalisha hewa ndogo ya ukaa kama vile matumizi ya baiskeli ndani ya jiji zima la Dar es Salaam.
[:en]Independence Day and Republic Day in Tanzania falls on the 9th of December, typically a day off work with many people gathering at the National Stadium to watch parades match in front of the President. Dances are performed and a torch is carried up Mount Kilimanjaro, symbolising liberty and self-determination of the nations in Africa. However, in 2015, for the first time, the day will be celebrated in a very different way.
Recently elected, President Magufuli declared that celebrations of Independence Day and Republic Day would be a chance for all citizens of the country to clean their local environment, from offices to schools, streets to homes. With support from all Government departments & agencies, many private organisations and non-governmental organisations also participated in the efforts – including Ramani Huria! The efforts were named #HapaUsafiTu (Here is just cleaning), reflecting the slogan of the recently elected president, ‘Hapa Kazi Tu’ (Here is just work).
Ramani Huria and Red Cross volunteers taking part in #HapaUsafiTu PHOTO CREDIT: Ramani Huria
Ramani Huria volunteers participated in #HapaUsafiTu in several of the wards we have conducted mapping, including the wards of Ndugumbi, Tandale, Vingunguti, Manzese, Mzimini, Kigogo, Mwanayamala, Buguruni, Magomeni, Manzese.
Volunteers working hard to clean streets PHOTO CREDIT: Ramani Huria
As well as cleaning activities, including of bus stands such as Chama in Buguruni, the volunteers engaged with residents of the wards on the importance of sanitation. Recently Dar es Salaam and several areas of Tanzania has seen outbreaks of Cholera so the cleaning efforts could not come at a more important time. With many wards of Dar es Salaam being highly populated and unplanned, much of the population is it high risk for the outbreak of disease, especially in rainy season. The volunteers discussed with community members how best to maintain the cleanliness of areas, specifically clearing rubbish and keeping waterways and drains free of blockages.
Cleaning in Kigogo ward, one of the areas Ramani Huria has mapped PHOTO CREDIT: Ramani Huria
After a day of intensive cleaning iit was apparent that this day of work had had a big impact on the city of Dar es Salaam. Through the discussions we had with community members, many people felt that there should be similar days in the future and had plans to request from the local administration that there be additional cleaning activities. Ramani Huria and the volunteers from Red Cross and HOT were all please to be able to continue to support the wards we have been actively mapping.[:sw]Siku ya Muungano na siku ya Jamuhuri Tanzania huadimishwa tarehe 9 Desemba, Kawiaida ni siku isiyo na kazi ambapo watu wengi hukusanyika uwanja wa Mkuu wa Taifa kushuhudia gwaride mbele ya Raisi. Ngoma huchezwa na Mwenge wa Uhuru hupelekwa had juu ya Mlima Kilimanjaro, kuonesha alama ya uhuru na Kujitawala kwa mataifa ya Bara la Africa.
Raisi aliyechaguliwa hivi karibuni Raisi Magufuli alitangaza kuwa madimisho ya siku ya uhuru Jamuhuri itakuwa ni nafasi ya raia wote kufanya usafi katika mazingira yao kuanzia ofisini had mashuleni, mtaani hadi majumbani,. Kwa usaidizi kutoka kwa idara zote za serikali na Mashirika.Mashirika mengi binafsi na mashirika yasiyo ya serikali pia yalishiriki katika juhudi hizi, ikiwa pamoja na Ramani Huria.Juhudi hizi zilipewa jina #HapaUsafiTu (hapa ni usafi tuu). Kwenda sambamba na kauli mbiu ya Raisi aliyechaguliwa hivi karibuni , “Hapa Kazi Tu.
Ramani Huria na Red Cross waliojitolea wakijihusihsa na #HapaUsafiTu, PICHA KUTOKA: Ramani Huria
Watu waliojitolea kutoka Ramani Huria walihusika katika #HapaUsafiTu katika baadhi ya kata walizowahi kupita kuengeneza Ramni, ikiwa ni pamoja na Ndugumbi, Tandale, Vingunguti, Manzese, Mzimuni, Kigogo, Mwananyamala, Buguruni na Magomeni
Waliojitolea wakifanya usafi kwa nguvu katka mitaa.PICHA KUTOKA :Ramani Huria
Pia kuhusu shughuli za usafi, pamoja na vituo vya daladala kama Chama ndan ya Buguruni, waliojitolea walishiriki na wakzi wa zile katakwa umuhimu wa usafi wa mazingira.Hivi karibuni Dar es Salaam na baadhi ya maeneo ya Tanzania kumekuwa na mlipuko wa ugonjwa wa Kipindupindu kwa hiyo juhudi za kufanya usafi haitokuwa mwisho.Na kata nyingi za Dar es Salaam zina ongezeko kubwa la idadi ya watu na kutopangwa.idadi kubwa ya watu ipo katika hatari ya kukubwa na mlipuko wa magonjwa, hasa msimu wa mvua. Waliojitolea walizungumza na jamii namna nzuri ya kudumisha usafi katika maeneo, hasa kuondoa takataka, kuweka mifereji ya maji na mitaro kutokuzibwa.
Usafi ndani ya Kata ya Mzimuni, moja kati ya eneo Ramani Huria walitengeneza ramani. PICHA KUTOKA:Ramani Huria
Baada ya siku ya Usafi, imekuwa dhahiri siku hii imekuwa na faida kubwa kwa jiji. Katika mjadala na jamii, watu wengi waliona kuwa lazima kutakuwa na siku kama hiyo siku zijazo na walikuwa na wazo la kuomba katika utawala wa mtaa kuwa kuwepo na ongezeko la shughuli za usafi. Ramani Huria na watu waliojitolea kutoka Red Cross na HOT waliomba waendelee kutoa misaada katika kata walizotengenezea Ramani.[:]
Last week, the water rose so quickly in Jangwani that residents had little warning before they had to flee their homes. As heavy rains filled the Msimbazi River, which cuts through this low-lying, unplanned settlement in central Dar Es Salaam, water backed up against a recently constructed bridge, breached a makeshift barrier of mud and trash, and poured into the settlement.
The Dar Ramani Huria team visited Jangwani today to survey the damage. The neighborhood lies within Magomeni ward, which is one of 17 flood-prone wards of the city that the project is focusing on.
Flood affected area CREDIT: Ramani Huria
Luckily, everyone in the area was able to escape to higher ground as the flood raged through, but locals told us that about 200 homes were damaged or destroyed, affecting hundreds of people. Some local residents have found shelter in a nearby bus station, sleeping with their young children on foam mats. They said they had abandoned their homes for fear of more flooding.
Residents seek refuge from flooding CREDIT: Ramani Huria
Heavy rains have been falling for the past two weeks across Dar, causing severe localized floods. The rains come regularly during the wet season, but this year’s floods have been the worst in recent memory. Locals were shocked at the torrent that came through Jangwani. On the walls of a nearby bus terminal mud stains mark the high water level, more than a meter off the ground.
Several residents of Jangwani spoke about how disruptive the floods have been to their livelihoods and also pointed out the damage that the flooding was doing to the city’s infrastructure. The bus terminal, which is still under construction, clearly lies in the path of floods.
“It’s such a waste,” said one man, shaking his head.
Seeing the human impact of flooding made the project’s goals all the more real for the team and brought home the impact that open data could have.
By creating accurate and easily updatable maps of areas like Jangwani, the project will enable better disaster planning and response using InaSAFE, a software that allows decision makers to run realistic flood and disaster scenarios. The insights gleaned from this open data won’t only save the city millions of dollars every year, it will save homes and lives.
Flooding in Jangwani CREDIT: Ramani Huria
The residents of Jangwani are eager for solutions, but the memories of such disasters can fade quickly, leading to poor planning and decision making (at all levels) in the future. Through Dar Ramani Huria, the residents Jangwani themselves will work to collect data and map important features of their communities, including drainage and floodplains, in OpenStreetMap. Beyond being an effective way to collect large amounts of accurate data, this community based effort also brings the realities of disaster planning and risk reduction to the local level, helping to ensure that the disasters that hit communities like Jangwani each rainy season don’t continue.[:sw]
Wiki iliyopita, maji yalijaa haraka sana pale Jangwani na wakazi walikuwa hawana taarifa kabla hivyo iliwabidi kukimbia makazi yao.Jinsi mvua kubwa ilivyojaza mto msimbazi, ambao umepita maeneo ambayo hayajapangwa sehemu ya kati ya Dar Es Salaam,maji yalijaa mpaka juu ya daraja lililojengwa hivi karibuni,ikasafirisha matope na takataka, na kupeleka kwenye makazi.
Timu ya Dar Ramani Huria imetembelea Jangwani leo kuangalia madhara yaliyotokea. Hili eneo lipo katika vitongoji vinavyopatikana katika kata ya magomeni ,ambayo ni moja kati ya kata ambazo zitzafanyiwa kazi na mradi huu .
Kwa bahati nzuri,kila mmoja katika eneo walifanikiwa kujiokoa kuelekea maeneo yasiyo na mafuriko, lakini wakazi walituambia nyumba 200 ziliharibiwa ,watu wengi waliathirika na mafuriko.Baadhi ya wakazi walitafuta malazi katika kituo cha mabasi kilicho karibu, na kulala pamoja na watoto wao wadogo kwenye mikeka.Walisema wamekimbia makazi yao kwa kuogopa mafuriko zaidi.
Mvua kubwa imenyesha kwa wiki mbili mfululizo hapa Dar, na kupelekea mafuriko katika maeneo.Mvua hunyesha mara kadhaa kipindi cha masika, lakini huu mwaka mafuriko yameleta madhara mengi.Wakazi walishangaa jinsi mawimbi ya maji yaliyoelekea jangwani. Katika kuta za karibu na kituo cha mabasi matope yaliweka alama ya jinsi maji yalipofika ,zaidi ya mita moja kutoka ardhini.
Wakazi wengi wa Jangwani waliongea jinsi gani mafuriko yanathiri shughuli zao za kujitafutia kipato na pia walitaja madhara na uharibifu ulioletwa na mafuriko kwenye miundombinu ya jiji.Kituo cha mabasi ambacho bado kipo kwenye ujenzi, kimeonyesha kinaathiriwa na mafuriko.
Hii ni uharibifu” alisema kijana mmoja, huku akitikisa kichwa.
Kuona jinsi watu wanavyoathiriwa na mafuriko inafanya malengo ya mradi yawe na manufaa kwa timu na inaleta matokeo ya kuwa na ramani huria.
Kwa kutengeneza ramani za kweli na za kuharirika za maeneo kama Jangwani, mradi utasaidia kuwa na mipango ya maafa na jinsi ya kutumia InaSAFE kukabiliana nayo, hii software inasaidia wafanya maamuzi kuitumia katika scenario ya mafuriko na mafaa.Tambuzi zilizopatikana kutoka ramani huria haitasaidia pesa nyingi za jiji tu kila mwaka , itawaokoa makazi na maisha ya watu.
Wakazi wa Jangwani wana hamu na utatuzi wa hili tatizo, lakini kumbukumbu ya maafa hayo yanaweza kuisha haraka , na hivyo kusababisha mipango duni na kufanya maamuzi ( katika ngazi zote ) katika kipindi cha baadae.Kupitia Dar Ramani Huria , wakazi Jangwani wenyewe watafanya kazi ya kukusanya taaarifa za muhimu za eneo , ikiwa ni pamoja na mifereji ya maji na mafuriko , katika OpenStreetMap.Zaidi ya kuwa njia bora ya kukusanya kiasi kikubwa cha taarifa sahihi , juhudi za wanajamii pia huleta hali halisi ya mipango ya maafa na kupunguza hatari kwa ngazi za chini , na kusaidia kuhakikisha kwamba majanga kwamba matatizo kwa wanajamii kama Jangwani kila msimu wa mvua hayaendelei .